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C-14 is produced in the upper atmosphere when nitrogen-14 (N-14) is altered through the effects of cosmic radiation bombardment (a proton is displaced by a neutron effectively changing the nitrogen atom into a carbon isotope).
Some were "pecked" with stone mauls in horizontal lines, others with vertical lines.
The term also refers to crude handmade ware made in various parts of Frisia in the CATEGORY: artifact DEFINITION: Pottery embodying chopped grass or straw in its fabric as a tempering agent.
Grass-tempered wares are well represented amongst pagan Saxon communities of the immediate post-SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: grog CATEGORY: ceramics DEFINITION: Foreign material (sand, plant fibers, grit, shell, crushed rock, broken pottery) added to clay for potterymaking to improve its firing qualities and prevent a vessel from cracking during the drying process.
Plants and animals naturally incorporate both the abundant C-12 isotope and the much rarer radiocarbon isotope into their tissues in about the same proportions as the two occur in the atmosphere during their lifetimes.
When a creature dies, it ceases to consume more radiocarbon while the C-14 already in its body continues to decay back into nitrogen.